Padang State University (UNP) is the result of the conversion of Teachers' Training college Padang into the university, which in originally named the College of Teacher Education (onset). Since its establishment on September 1, 1954, the UNP has undergone many changes.

In the history of its development, the changes that occur include not only the name and domicile, but also status and educational programs are developed in accordance with the policies to meet the demands of the development of education in the country. These changes can be classified into five periods, namely the period of onset Batusanggkar, FKIP period Andalas University in Batusanggkar Bukittinggi, FKIP period Andalas University in Padang, Jakarta Branch IKIP period Padang, Padang IKIP period and the period of the UNP.